Medal of Honour

Introduction

The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor(Wikipedia).

Awards

The following conflicts are listed in Wikipedia (6th May 2017) together with the Medals of Honor awarded in each - the number of GRAY/GREY recipients in brackets.  The three GRAY/GREY names are listed below.

Conflict

Awards

American Civil War (1861-1865)

1523 (2)

Indian Wars (1865-1891)

426

Korean Expedition

15

Spanish-American War (1898)

110

Samoan Civil War (1886-1894)

4

Philipinne-American War (1899-1902)

86

Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901)

59

United States Occupation of Veracruz (1914)

56

Invasion and Occupation of Haiti (1915-1934)

8

Occupation of Dominican Republic (1916-1924)

3

World War 1 (1914-1918)

126

Occupation of Nicaragua (1912-1933)

2

World War 2 (1939-1945)

471 (1)

Korean War (1950-1953)

145

Vietnam War (1955-1975)

258

Liberty Incident (1967)

1

Somalia (1993)

2

Afghanistan (2001-2014)

14

Iraq (2003-2011)

4

Peacetime

193

Gray/Grey Recepients

John Gray (1836- June 1,1887)

John Gray was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at The Battle of Port Republic on June 9, 1862 when he "mounted an artillery horse of the enemy and captured a brass 6-pound piece in the face of the enemy's fire and brought it to the rear."  He received the medal on March 14, 1864.

Robert A. Gray (September 21, 1834 - November 22, 1906)

Robert was a Union Army soldier in the American Civil War who received the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor. Citation: “The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Sergeant Robert A. Gray, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 16 May 1864, while serving with Company C, 21st Connecticut Infantry, in action at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia. While retreating with his regiment, which had been repulsed, Sergeant Gray voluntarily returned, in face of the enemy's fire, to a former position and rescued a wounded officer of his company who was unable to walk”

He died at the age of 72, on November 22, 1906 and was buried at the Colonel Ledyard Cemetery in Groton, Connecticut.

Sergeant Ross Franklin Gray (August 1, 1920 – February 27, 1945)

A United States Marine who posthumously received the Medal of Honor — the highest military honor of the United States — for his heroic service in the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II — he single-handedly disarmed an entire mine field while under heavy enemy fire. He was killed in action six days later

.Citation: “For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Acting Platoon Sergeant serving with Company A, First Battalion, Twenty-Fifth Marines, Fourth Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, February 21, 1945. Shrewdly gauging the tactical situation when his platoon was held up by a sudden barrage of hostile grenades while advancing toward the high ground northeast of Airfield Number One, Sergeant Gray promptly organized the withdrawal of his men from enemy grenade range, quickly moved forward alone to reconnoiter and discovered a heavily mined area extending along the front of a strong network of emplacements joined by covered communication trenches. Although assailed by furious gunfire, he cleared a path leading through the mine field to one of the fortifications then returned to the platoon position and, informing his leader of the serious situation, volunteered to initiate an attack while being covered by three fellow Marines. Alone and unarmed but carrying a twenty-four pound satchel charge, he crept up the Japanese emplacement, boldly hurled the short-fused explosive and sealed the entrance. Instantly taken under machine-gun fire from a second entrance to the same position, he unhesitatingly braved the increasingly vicious fusillades to crawl back for another charge, returned to his objective and blasted the second opening, thereby demolishing the position. Repeatedly covering the ground between the savagely defended enemy fortifications and his platoon area, he systematically approached, attacked and withdrew under blanketing fire to destroy a total of six Japanese positions, more than twenty-five of the enemy and a quantity of vital ordnance gear and ammunition. Stouthearted and indomitable, Sergeant Gray had single-handedly overcome a strong enemy garrison and had completely disarmed a large mine field before finally rejoining his unit and, by his great personal valor, daring tactics and tenacious perseverance in the face of extreme peril, had contributed materially to the fulfillment of his company's mission. His gallant conduct throughout enhanced and sustained the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.”

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